In this file photo, masked sympathizers guard the coffin bearing the remains of slain labor leader Filemon 'Popoy' Lagman, draped with the hammer and sickle flag as the funeral march heads to Marikina, February 12, 2001. Jay Directo/AFP
Martes, Marso 7, 2017
Requiem for a Generation
Patricio N. Abinales
Published 9:30 AM, March 05, 2017
Updated 9:30 AM, March 05, 2017
Why are many 'veterans' of the fight against the Marcos dictatorship now are pitted against each other in the battle between President Rodrigo Duterte and his opponents?
A friend sent a YouTube link to the American pop singer Don McLean’s now iconic song American Pie, and reminded me that the line “and they were singing dirges in the dark the day the music died,” could very well refer to what has happened to the communists of the 1970s and 1980s. This prompted quick check at the bookshelf to pick out a number of memoirs that Filipino communists from the so-called “First Quarter Storm” generation and their successor, the “martial law babies” have written in the last decade.
One of the enduring myths of these memoirs is that even today, when they have all started to drift towards middle age, these cadres and their national democratic understudies have remained brothers and sisters. A couple of writings did acknowledge that this unity had frayed since 1986, and their authors have timidly mentioned the splits of the late 1980s and the early 1990s.
But this is unfortunate for if one wants some historical context as to why many of these “veterans” of the Storm and the dark years of the dictatorship are now pitted against each in the battle between President Rodrigo Duterte and his opponents, one needs to go as far back as the splits of the 1980s, especially after the CPP leadership under Jose Ma. Sison, resolved the ideological debates through a sanctioned killing of those the CPP’s eternal chairman tagged openly as spies and renegades
The stories of these assassinations still have to be written.
We still await the brave ex-cadre who will write about the tragic fortunes of Filemon “Popoy” Lagman, twice the leader of the CPP’s Manila-Rizal regional committee, disciplined and sent to the countryside after 1975, when he and the rest of the committee defied the edict from the Politburo to break up the Party’s electoral alliance with the anti-Marcos traditional politicians and the hated social democrats formed to challenge the dictatorship’s Kilusang Bagong Lipunan Manila slate led by Imelda Marcos and composed of 20 other forgettable characters (the one I only remember was Foreign Secretary Carlos Romulo whose campaign speeches sounded like academic lectures, boring a lot of hakot listeners to sleep).
Lagman did his time in the countryside, sacrificed a lot (his wife was believed killed in a military encounter), and regained his post in the last years of the dictatorship. After Marcos was ousted, however, the Manila-Rizal regional organization broke away from the Party after the 5-man Politburo’s disastrous decision to boycott the 1986 elections (Yes Virginia, only 5 people decided the nearly 1-million communist movement’s fate at a time when the politics of the period was clearly leaning towards the Left. Talk about radical democracy!). It was cadres of the regional organization that formed the initial core group of what is now the party-list group Sanlakas and its labor federation the Bukluran ng Manggagawang Pilipino. In its early years, and under the leadership of Lagman, it was one of the strongest and fiery non-CPP left groups.
Lagman was assassinated on February 6, 2001 at the Diliman campus of the University of the Philippines. According to Ben Reid his was “the first political assassination to occur under the new regime of Gloria Macapagal Arroyo and signals the possible beginning of a campaign of terror targeting the country’s leftist movement.” Reid writes that an unnamed “rightist faction of the military loyal to the ousted president Joseph Estrada was behind the killing,” its aim being to destabilize the still wobbly regime of Gloria Arroyo. This was the official line that Lagman’s Sanlakas would adopt.
Others however suspect that Lagman’s assassination was the first of several rubouts of the top ex-cadres of the Party who disagreed with the Filipino Ayatollah’s return to Maoist fundamentals. Lagman was known as the CPP’s Lenin, because he advocated for a communist movement with a strong influential “proletarian” (i.e., industrial worker base), shared Karl Marx’s disdainful description of the peasantry as a “sack of potatoes” (pace the insistence of Mao and his Filipino acolyte Sison that peasants were the mass base of the revolution), and saw very little value in a long-drawn protracted guerilla warfare against the Philippine government. For Lagman, communists could only come to power though urban uprisings and massive general strikes, and where the New People’s Army was to just play a supportive role.
This urban-centered strategy demanded the broadest unity of the diverse groups and classes that live in the metropolis, to give the revolution the heft to challenge and destroy police and military power, and ultimately the government. To achieve this “united front” the Party needed to make compromises to its anti-Marcos ideological rivals. Hence the Manila-Rizal took seriously the electoral collaboration it made with Benigno Aquino and the elite opposition in 1975 to the chagrin of their Party bosses.
This argument was also used as justification for Lagman questioning the validity and relevance of Mao Tse Tung Thought as the CPP’s ideological foundation after the big 1986 brouhaha. For which he was allegedly extra-judicially killed.
That death and Sison’s indirect threats before that, plus the expulsion or forced resignation of other anti-Sison cadres and the break away by regional organizations like the Manila-Rizal presaged an unceasing contention among these radicals. Its current and perhaps most poisonous edition is the fight between pro- and anti-Duterte radicals and ex-radicals. – Rappler.com
(To be continued)
Filed under:Filemon LagmanFirst Quarter StormMartial LawPatricio N. AbinalesRodrigo DutertepoliticsPhilippines
Linggo, Pebrero 12, 2017
Grex Lagman recalls his fave uncle ‘Ka Popoy’: He was so freaking cool
For ex- Albay congressman Grex Lagman, late labor group leader Filemon “Ka Popoy” Lagman was quite simply the coolest “tito” on earth.
“To many activists, laborers, clients, his comrades and the media, he was ‘Ka Popoy’ Lagman.
But to an 8 year old kid, he was Uncle Ching–the coolest uncle ever!” Grex wrote on his Facebook Monday (February 6) and he paid tribute to his kin on his 16th death anniversary.
So what made Uncle Ching cool? His survival skills, for one.
Grex fondly described his tito as a “motorcycle riding dude with stories of camping out in the mountains, getting by with just tree barks and leaves and the occasional rat!”
“I learned to ride a 400cc motorcycle when i was 10 years old because of uncle Ching. I mean, i drove his black Honda around Marcelo Green Village in Parañaque–by myself! How cool can this uncle be?!?” he recalled.
Ka Popoy, brother of incumbent Albay 1st district Rep. Edcel Lagman, was assassinated on February 6, 2001.
“Uncle Ching was shot at at the Bahay ng Alumni in UP. My dad lost another brother that day. I lost my favorite uncle,” Grex wrote.
“Uncle Ching was the true working class hero. He organized both Sanlakas and PM–both winning seats in Congress. His legacy lives on even as his death at 47, sixteen years ago, was not in vain,” he stressed. #
Edcel Grex Burce Lagman
Pebrero 5, 2017
To many activists, laborers, clients, his comrades and the media, he was"Ka Popoy" Lagman.
But to an 8 year old kid, he was Uncle Ching--the coolest uncle ever! A motorcycle riding dude with stories of camping out in the mountains, getting by with just tree barks and leaves and the occasional rat! 😊He would stay with us for 2, 3 days... then we would invariably have a deal: if i am able to convince mama and papa to go with him in the "mountains", he will gladly take me. Of course, i always was in tears when "no deal" was my parents' standard answer. Haha
I learned to ride a 400cc motorcycle when i was 10 years old because of uncle Ching. I mean, i drove his black Honda around Marcelo Green Village in Parañaque--by myself! How cool can this uncle be?!?
On Feb. 6, 2001, in the law office my dad set up with him, i heard the most shocking news from my father. Uncle Ching was shot at at the Bahay ng Alumni in UP. My dad lost another brother that day. I lost my favorite uncle.
Uncle Ching was the true working class hero. He organized both Sanlakas and PM--both winning seats in Congress. His legacy lives on even as his death at 47, sixteen years ago, was not in vain.
God bless your restless, revolutionary soul, Uncle Ching...😇
(March 17, 1953 Tabaco, Albay -- February 6, 2001 Quezon City)