Sabado, Hunyo 28, 2008

Awitin: Ka Popoy, Di Ka Nawala

Ka Popoy, Di Ka Nawala

ni Erwin Cuenca ng Teatro Pabrika


Intro: D-Bm-C-D (pause)


D

Sa bawat perpektong puti’y may tuldok

Bm

Sa gabi, may liwanag na pangako

C

Ang bukas na gustong makamtan

---D

Kailan pa sisimulan


D

Iyong nakita ang kapangahasan

Bm

Sa murang edad iyong namalayan

C

Ang kasamaan sa mundo

-------F ---------D

Pang-aabuso ng iilan


Refrain:


Am -------C ---------------F

Ginising mo ang diwa ng inaapi

Am --------C -----------------F

Inapuyan mo ang damdamin ng uri

Am ---------C ----------F

Ibinigay ang buhay dedikasyon sa kilusan

Am --------------C -------F --------Bm-C

Tinakwil ang pansarili, tinaya ang lahat

D

Sa takbo ng panaho’y nagbago ang agos

Bm

Dalawampung taon tayong lumalangoy palaot

C

Nakita mo ang tamang landas

----D

At d’on kami dinala


D

At dahilan sa abante mong pag-iisip

Bm

Kaaway mo’y biglang nagsidami

C

Di mo ito inalintana

-----F -------------------------D

Basta’t kapakanan ng uring manggagawa


Refrain 2:

Am -------C -------------F

Sinuong mo tuligsa ng kaaway

Am -----C -------------F

Binalewala sarili mong buhay

Am ----------C --------F

At sa isang iglap, isang bala ang kumitil

Am -----C -------------F pause

Sa isip, diwa’t pangarap natin.


Dm-Am-Dm-Am


Tulay:

Dm -----Am ----E -------------Am

Ang kawalan ay di dapat panghinayangan

Dm -------Am -----------E ---------Am

Ang pag-iimbot kailangan nating lampasan

Dm -------Am --------E ------------------Am

Ang pakikibaka’y di natatapos sa kanyang pagbuwal

-----Dm --------------Am -----------E

Kundi pa nga’y nagbubukas ng bagong yugto sa

Am

kasaysayan


Koro:


Dm ---------------Am

Ka Popoy, di ka nawala

Dm ---------------Am

Ka Popoy, di ka nawala

-----Dm ---------Am ----------E -------Am

Ang bawat isa sa amin ay taglay ka sa puso’t isipan

-----Dm ---------Am --------E --------Am

Ang bawat isa sa amin may aral ka na iniwanan

-----Dm ---------Am -------------E ----Am

Ang tangi nating kailangan pagbuklurin mga natutunan

-----Dm --------Am -----------E --------Am

Hangga’t nagkakaisa, ang ‘yong diwa’y di mamamatay

-----Dm ----------Am ------------E ------Am

Na dapat naming dalhin hanggang sa rurok ng tagumpay

----Dm -----------Am

Ka Popoy, di ka nawala

----Dm -----------Am

Ka Popoy, di ka nawala

----E -----pause

Ka Popoy

--------------------Am-F-Dm-Am

Hanggang sa tagumpay


Miyerkules, Hunyo 25, 2008

Si Ka Popoy, ang Pragmatikong Leninista

SI KA POPOY, ANG PRAGMATIKONG LENINISTA
Sinulat sa orihinal na Ingles ni Dennis B. Mendiola, at isinalin sa tagalog ni Greg Bituin Jr. Hinango mula sa Letter to the Editor section ng Philippine Daily Inquirer, Pebrero 14, 2001. Nalathala ang bersyong tagalog na ito sa Abril-Hunyo 2001 issue ng pahayagang Taliba ng Maralita na inilathala ng grupong KPML.

Itinuturing siyang “bad boy” ng karamihan, kahit ng kanyang pinakamalalapit na “kaibigan”. Natatandaan ko ang isang pangyayari tungkol sa pagbabanggaan ng mga aktibista at mga sangganong pinakilos ng dating alkalde ng Kalookan, ang matandang Asistio. Ito’y isang pagkatalo, pero pinaglaban ng mga kabataang aktibistang pinangunahan ni Ka Popoy ang kanilang katwiran at dahil dito’y nakamit nila ang paghanga at respeto ng mga “Pasistios”. Nananaig sa larawan ng taong ito ang pagiging matigas at malupit, na naging dahilan ng pagkakaroon niya ng maraming kaaway at tagahanga. Ito ang kanyang gawi hanggang sa huli.
Isa pa sa kanyang mga kwento ay ang puna ni Lean Alejandro hinggil sa kanyang pagkatao. Ayon kay Lean, sadyang makakaakit ng maraming katunggali sa Ka Popoy dahil sa talas ng kanyang isip at di-pangkaraniwang ideya, na ipinahahayag niya sa paraang nakapandudurog. Nangunguna siya pagdating sa pakikibakang ideyolohikal. Si Jose Maria Sison lamang ang tanging makapaglalagay sa kabataang “Leninista” sa tamang pwesto. Nagsasabwatan ang kanyang mga kasama upang mabawasan ang kanyang malawak na impluwensiyang pulitikal at organisasyunal na partido. Isa siyang rebolusyonaryong “maverick”, hindi sumusunod sa opisyal na linya at polisiya dahil sa kanyang paniniwala at kumbiksyon. Isa sa kanyang paboritong inspirasyunal na mga kataga ay ang “kaisahan ng layunin” ni Lenin.
Napakagaling niyang magsulat. Sina De Quiros at Quijano ay maiinggit sa kanyang kaisipan at husay sa wika. Magmumukhang mapagpanggap ang mga Palanca awardees kung ikukumpara sa mga lakang-akda (obra maestra) ng taong ito.
Pero higit sa lahat, siya ay isang Leninista, isang pragmatiko. Pinapangarap niyang makuha ang kapangyarihan para sa at sa ngalan ng uring manggagawa, at maghahanap siya ng anumang paraan at gagamitin ang lahat ng paraang kaya niya para matupad ang kanyang inadhika ng habambuhay. Hindi siya umaasa sa personal na pang-akit at pagkakaibigan. Sa katunayan, nawala sa kanya ang kanyang mga matatagal nang kadre na kumalas sa kanyang partido dahil sa mga seryosong pagkakaiba sa loob ng organisasyon, at hindi man lang niya pinag-aksayahan ng panahong pabalikin sila. Binuo niya ang partisanong pakikidigma sa kalunsuran kaalinsabay ng lantad na rebolusyonaryong pagtangkilik sa uring manggagawa. Gumamit din siya ng manipulasyon at iba pang taktika sa mga lokal na halalang pulitikal. Para sa kanya, walang sagrado, walang banal. Lahat ng bagay ay nadadala sa bilis ng progreso at pagbabago. Anuman ang halaga, anuman ang layunin.
Hanggang sa huli, nananatili akong isang estudyante niya’t tagahanga.
Kung may isa mang tao na magagawang baligtaring patiwarik ang bansang ito, siya ‘yon.
Hindi na ako nagulat sa kanyang pagkamatay. Pero talagang nagdalamhati ako sa kanyang pagpanaw at tumula ang aking luha para sa kanyang ina.

- DENNIS B. MENDIOLA
093 San Lorenzo Ruiz Compound
Magsaysay St., Manggahan
1611 Pasig City

Talasalitaan:
Pragmatiko – may praktikal na pananaw; mas ang lahat ng anumang pangkasaysayan o pang-ideyolohikal na ideya ay isinasapraktika batay sa sitwasyon, kadahilanan at resulta
Leninista – tagasunod ng mga ideyolohiya at adhikain ng rebolusyonaryong Ruso na si Vladimir Ilyich Lenin
Maverick – independyente sa paninindigang pulitikal

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Popoy, the pragmatic Leninist

Popoy, the pragmatic Leninist

(Published in the letter-to-the-editor section, Philippine Daily Inquirer, February 14, 2001, p. A10.)

He has been a "bad boy" to many, even to his closest "friends." I remember one of his stories about a clash between activists and street toughies mobilized by then Caloocan mayor, the old Asistio. It was a rout, but the youthful activists led by Ka Popoy stood their ground and earned the admiration and respect of the "Pasistios." This image of the person does transcend a character of toughness and ruthlessness, which earned him enemies and admirers alike. Up to the end of his life, this would be of his undoing.

Another of his stories related Lean Alejandro's remark about this man's character. According to Lean, Popoy would really attract adversaries because of his sharp mind and uncanny ideas, expressed in a tough-lashing manner. He was second to none in ideological struggles. Only Jose Maria Sison could put the young "Leninist" in place. His peers conspired to curtail his vast political and organizational clout in the party. He was a revolutionary maverick, defying the official line and policies in pursuit of his beliefs and convictions. One of his favorite inspirational phrases was Lenin's "singleness of purpose."

He writes well enough. De Quiros and Quijano would envy his thoughts and command of language. Palanca awardees would be pretenders compared to this man's masterpieces.

But more than anything else, he is a Leninist, a pragmatic one, that is. He dreams of taking power for and in behalf of the working class, and would find every way and use all means at his disposal to achieve this lifelong goal. He does not rely on personal appeal and friendship. In fact, he lost all his senior cadres who bolted his party after serious disagreements in the organization, and he did not even bother to win them back. He developed the urban partisan warfare in combination with the open mass struggles. He conceived of the open revolutionary advocacy of the working class. He even used manipulation and buying-out tactics in local electoral politics. For him, nothing is sacred, nothing is holy. Everything is swept under the rush of progress and change. Whatever the cost, whatever suits his ends.

Until the end, I remain a student and an admirer.

If there is anyone who could turn this country upside down, he could.

I was not surprised at all with his death. But I sincerely mourn his passing, and I shed tears for his mother. - DENNIS B. MENDIOLA, 093 San Lorenzo Ruiz Compound, Magsaysay St., Manggahan, 1611 Pasig City

Sinong Nagpapatay kay Ka Popoy Lagman?

SINONG NAGPAPATAY KA KA POPOY LAGMAN?

ni Greg Bituin Jr.



Si Ka Popoy ay hinintay

Upang siya ay mapatay

Nang makita ay binistay

Sa UP ay nahandusay.


Manggagawa’y nanlupaypay

Sila’y totoong nalumbay

Kaya’t sa kanyang paghimlay

Parangal ay ibinigay.


Kilusan ay nakiramay

Sumpa’y ibaon sa hukay

Ang sinumang nagpapatay

Sa lider nilang mahusay.


Sino ba’ng magsasalaysay

Kung sinong mga pumatay

Kay Ka Popoy na dalisay

At lider obrerong tunay.

Maraming Salamat, Ka Popoy

MARAMING SALAMAT, KA POPOY
(Nalathala bilang editoryal sa Abril-Hunyo 2001 issue ng pahayagang Taliba ng Maralita ng grupong KPML)
“Ang payapang pampang ay para lamang sa matatapang na handang sumuong sa panahon ng unos.” – Khalil Gibran
Kung babalikan natin ang ating kasaysayan, minsan ng binalot ng karahasan ang ating lipunan nuong panahon ng batas-militar. Bagamat tinanggal na ito 20 taon na ang nakararaan ay hindi pa rin natin maitatanggi na patuloy pa ring binabalot ng karahasan ang ating lipunan. Apat na pangulo na ang nagdaan pero, para sa ating mga maralitang lungsod, ay wala pa ring pagbabago. Hanggang ngayon ay wala pa rin tayong kasiguruhan sa paninirahan. Ang disenteng hanapbuhay na kailangang-kailangan natin ay nananatili pa ring isang mailap na pangarap. Patuloy pa ring pinaghaharian at binubusabos ng iilan tayong mga nakararami.
Ngunit sa gitna ng lahat ng ito, sa gitna ng ating kalituhan at panghihina dahil sa matagal na panahong pang-aapi sa atin ng mga naghaharing elitista ay may isang taong tumindig, namuno, pilit na tinipon ang ating hiwa-hiwalay, kalat-kalat, at kiming paglaban upang ito ay maging isang matibay na pwersa at malakas na boses laban sa mga naghaharing uri.
Sa gitna ng ating panghihina sa matagal na panahong pakikibaka at pagkalugmok sa matinding atake ng mga mapang-api, ang taong ito ay nag-ubos ng kanyang panahon upang muling ibalik ang ating lakas, buhayin ang apoy ng paglaban sa ating kalooban upang patuloy tayong makibaka para sa paglaya sa kuko ng pang-aalipin ng iilan.
Sa gitna ng ating kalituhan sa kaligaligan ng buhay, ang taong ito’y naging isang maaasahang giya upang tayo’y hindi makalimot na tanging sa ating sama-samang pagkilos ay makakamit natin ang ninanais nating lipunang malaya, walang pang-aapi at pantay-pantay.
Ang taong ito na ibinuwis ang kanyang buhay para lamang ituro sa atin na sa ating nagkakaisang lakas ay mapagtagumpayan natin ang anumang laban na ating susuungin. Ang taong ito na nagbuwis ng kanyang buhay upang ipatimo sa ating isipan, na tayo at tayong mga maralita ang siyang may kakayahan at may karapatang ituloy ang ikot ng gulong ng kasaysayan at siyang tanging may kakayahang pamunuan ang susunod na lipunan. Lipunag tayo ang siyang bubuo. Lipunang tayo ang siyang huhugis.
Ang taong ito na nakakita ng kamalian ng rebolusyonaryong kilusang pinamumunuan ni Joma, na ang rebolusyon pala ay hindi nagmumula sa dulo ng baril, kundi sa pagiging mulat ng masa, lalo na ng uring manggagawa, sa kanilang mapagpalayang papel sa lipunan.
Ang taong ito na, gaya ng sulong naglalagablab, ay nagpaalab sa ating pakikibaka para sa tunay na kalayaan at pagbabago.
Ka Popoy, sa liyab ng libong sulo ng pakikibaka, tuloy ang laban.
Alam naming hindi mo na maririnig ang aming pasasalamat, pero ganuon pa man, nais pa rin naming ipabatid sa iyo, saan ka man naroroon, kaming mga maralita ng lungsod at taos pusong nagpupugay at nagpapasalamat.
Oo, ang mamatay ng nagsisilbi sa bayan, sa masa at sa uring manggagawa ay kasimbigat ng isang bundok. At ramdam namin ang bigat ng nakaatang sa aming balikat simula ng ikaw ay mawala. Gayunpaman, alam naming gaano man ito kabigat, ito’y kakayanin namin dahil merong tulad mo na naging bahagi ng aming pakikibaka.
Maraming salamat, Ka Popoy. Maraming maraming salamat.
Hindi ka namin malilimutan, magiting na kasama. Alam namin, marami pang Ka Popoy na susulpot upang ang binhi ng pakikibakang iyong sinimulan ay magbunga ng tunay na paglaya at pagbabago.
- Mula sa pamunuan at kasapian ng KPML

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Bayani ka, kasama ko

BAYANI KA, KASAMA KO

ni Greg Bituin Jr.



Bayani ka, kasama ko

Isang rebolusyonaryo

Na ang laging nasa ulo’y

Kapakanan ng obrero.


Buong kilusa’y nagbago

Simula nang itapon mo

Ang kaisipang Maoismo

Pati na Stalinismo.


Kaming naiwan mo rito’y

Tatandaan ang aral mo

At dadalisayin itong

Marxismo at Leninismo.


Ka Popoy, salamat sa’yo

Namatay man katawan mo

Di ka nawawala rito

At buhay ka sa’ming puso.

Pagpupugay sa Isang Bayani

PAGPUPUGAY SA ISANG BAYANI

ni Greg Bituin Jr.

(pitong pantig bawat taludtod)


Kami ay nagpupugay

Pagkat buhay mo’y alay

Para sa aking tatay

Na manggagawang tunay.


Iniisip kapakanan

Namin at karamihan

At hindi ng iilan

Dito sa aking bayan.


Ang tatay kong obrero

Sukat tinulungan mo

Tumaas ang suweldo

Sumaya ang nanay ko


Kami’y biglang nalumbay

Nang ikaw ay mapatay

Puso’y nagdugong tunay

Pagkat ikaw’y nawalay.


Binistay ka ng punglo

Nabasa ka ng dugo

Dinurog aming puso

Ngunit sila’y nabigo.


Pagkat kaming naiwan

Tuloy pa rin ang laban

Sistema’y papalitan

Duduruging tuluyan.

Linggo, Abril 27, 2008

Green Left Weeky on Popoy Killing

PHILIPPINES: Popoy Lagman assassinated


14 February 2001

BY BEN REID Picture

MANILA — The leader of the militant BMP trade union federation and prominent leftist, Filemon “Popoy” Lagman, was assassinated on February 6. Four gunmen opened fire while Lagman was visiting the Diliman campus of the University of the Philippines.

Happening just weeks after the fall of President Joseph Estrada, it is the first political assassination to occur under the new regime of Gloria Macapagal Arroyo and signals the possible beginning of a campaign of terror targeting the country's leftist movement.

Many suspect that a rightist faction of the military loyal to the ousted president Joseph Estrada was behind the killing, with the intention of destabilising Arroyo's government and sowing intrigue among the competing armed factions of the left. The assassins have not yet been apprehended, although two suspects have been identified.

Lagman was a long-time leader of the country's revolutionary movement. Joining the underground Communist Party of the Philippines in the 1970s and rising to become the head of its metro Manila unit, he played a central part in the movement against the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos.

When the urban-based strategy of Lagman and other Manila party leaders came into conflict with the dogmatic pronouncements of CPP chairperson Jose Maria Sison, the entire metro Manila unit split from the party and turned its attention to the urban mass movement. The BMP, with Lagman at its head, was formed in 1995, as part of the Sanlakas federation of mass organisations.

While the BMP and Sanlakas have since undergone a series of sometimes acrimonious splits, Lagman was still widely regarded as a revolutionary leader of considerable stature.

The assassination was made to appear the work of rival left factions, an impression possibly aided by Sison who publicly implicated other leftists in Lagman's slaying. The CPP chairperson refused to express even a modicum of sympathy or solidarity in his public statements.

Most on the left, however, condemned the killing of the veteran leader. Liddy Napcil-Alandjro of the Anti-Trapo Movement, a coalition which groups many left organisations opposed to Estrada, stated she was “outraged by the cruelty of this act”.

“His death appears to follow the pattern that occurred after the anti-Marcos revolt”, she said. “Right-wing military groups stepped up terror and repression against the left as a way of destabilising the new regime and in this instance sowing intrigue within the progressive movement.”

Sonny Melencio of the Socialist Party of Labour agreed: “Popoy remained a political militant and his assassination is an attack on the whole progressive movement.”

“While it may be prejudging the situation, it appears to be part of a destabilisation campaign aimed at the current administration of Gloria Macapagal Arroyo by pro-Estrada loyalists. It demonstrates the instability and hollowness of democracy in the Philippines.”

“It is really only the military that had the capacity to carry out an assassination such as this. It follows the pattern of the December 31 bombing that was attributed to the Islamic rebels in Mindanao. We have very low expectations that justice will be done.”

Wilson Fortoleza, the spokesperson for Sanlakas, stated “Ka Popoy was not only the leader of the most militant labour union organisation but a true-blooded revolutionary and socialist. So he had a lot of enemies: the state, the capitalists and rivals within the leftist movement. He earned a lot of enemies, but also a lot of friends.”

“We are not pointing our fingers at any group at this time. What is certain is that this act was a politically motivated attack against the enemies of the ruling class.”

ka popoy's selected writings

http://www.marxists.org/archive/lagman/index.htm

Biography

PSR: A Semi-feudal Alibi for Protracted War, 1994
A critique of Sison's book (under the nom de guerre - Amado Guerrero) Philippine Society and Revolution, which characterized Philippine society's mode of production as semi-feudal and semi-colonial

PPDR: Class Line vs. Mass Line, 1994
A critique of the CPP's 'People's Program for a Democratic Revolution, which laid down its standpoint on the bourgeois democratic revolution and the agrarian question.

PPW: A New-Type Revolution of the Wrong Type, 1994
A critique of Sison's dogma of the armed struggle as the primary form of struggle for the Filipino proletariat, a review of Chinese society and history

The man who called for a revolution in Ayala (Feb.7, 2001)

Philippine Daily Inquirer February 7, 2001

http://www.inquirer.net/

http://ngy1.1st.ne.jp/~ieg/struggle/philip/popoy/0207a.htm



The man who called for a revolution in Ayala

By PDI Research

See related story:

Labor leader assassinated


FILEMON "Popoy" Lagman was a maverick nationalist, veteran activist and trade union organizer.


An activist since high school, he had in the last five years ventured into organizing a legal mass movement. At the time of his death, Lagman headed the Bukluran ng Manggagawang Pilipino (BMP) since its founding in 1995. BMP is a federation of more than 200 local unions with a mass membership of about 100,000 workers.


Lagman had a vision of uniting all progressive unions, build a top-caliber labor law office, start the groundwork for organizing an electoral labor party, put up a radio program and a daily tabloid for the cause-oriented movement, and establish a workers' bank to further bolster the livelihood requirements of the sector.


This was a vision that almost came true at the height of the protest to oust Joseph Estrada, when the different workers federations united on a common action for Estrada's ouster.


Lagman's group was one of the first to be at the Edsa Shrine after the Senate's rejection of the opening of the second envelope[1]. When it was Lagmanfs turn to speak, people from Makati
reportedly did not know how to react[2] when he called "for a revolution in Ayala."[3]

Underground


Lagman led protest actions in many of the BMPfs member unions. Other protest actions were directed against oil price hikes, the expanded value added tax, the Anti-Terror Bill, the Visiting Forces Agreement and for the resignation and ouster of President Joseph Estrada.


Active in the underground struggle against the Marcos dictatorship, he used the alias "Carlos Forte" or "Ka Popoy." He was a member of Samahang Demokratiko ng Kabataan in UP in the 1970s.[4] He went underground after finishing only a year of journalism at University of the Philippines.


During martial law, he headed the Manila-Party Regional Committee of the Communist Party of the Philippines till his suspension by the Executive Committee of the Central Committee in 1978 due to differences in the participation in the elections called by President Marcos.


Lagman advocated for participation against the party's boycott stance.


Suspected by the military as the chief of the Alex Boncayao Brigade, the dreaded communist hit squad, he was arrested in 1994 and went aboveground after his release.


Again, he was arrested in 1996 at the height of protests against the Asia-Pacific Economic summit which Manila was hosting. The BMP was a breakaway group from the Kilusang Mayong Uno (KMU).


Protest actions


Two weeks after his arrest, protest actions by 183 unions erupted in Metro Manila, demanding his release.The workers action included mass walkouts, work stoppages, demonstrations, pickets and hanging banners at factory gates. Lagman was released on Nov. 28, three days after the Apec summit, which confirmed Lagmanfs suspicions that his arrest was merely part of the security arrangements for the visiting heads of state in Manila.


The order for his release came from the Quezon City court, which cited the lack of due process in his abduction and imprisonment. Lagmanfs lawyers filed a charge of grave abuse of authority against the state prosecutor who ordered his arrest.The BMP traces its origins to the split within the KMU in 1993, when the entire regional chapter in Metro Manila collapsed. The chapter accounted for more than half the total membership of the KMU.


Split within split


The split occurred after a major split took place in the underground Communist Party of the Philippines, when almost half the membership rejected its Stalinist-Maoist politics.


Lagman led the breakaway from the CPP in 1991 due to differences with founding CPP chair, Jose Ma. Sison, on the question of strategy of guerrilla war and the analysis of Philippine society as semi-feudal and semi-colonial.


Lagman advocated a shift to the workers movement, combining parliamentary and extra-parliamentary means and a "strategy of a workers uprising toward a socialist revolution."


Lagman's splinter group is called the RJ (Rejectionist) to differentiate it from the mainstream RA (Reaffirmist).

Today the RJ group is said to be hopelessly split into three.[5] Among the splinters, Lagman at the time of his death was said to be the only one to hold a truly urban mass following. The rest are said to be "paper tigers" which do not have countryside fronts or bases.


Lagman had once lamented that the KMU had been treating the BMP as an "enemy." The KMU had attacked the BMP and accused it of being "insurrectionist" and a partner of government at the same time. The rift was a product of differences between Lagman and Sison. The KMU is said to be aligned with Sison.


But consistent to his "rejectionist" image, Lagman scored Sison for being "constitutionalist" by endorsing Vice President Macapagal-Arroyo to succeed President Estrada in the event of Estrada's impeachment or resignation.


Consistent with his vision for reform, Lagman took a "resign all" position.


Notes: Assisted by M.S. in Philippine

[1] "the opening of the second envelope" - The 2nd envelop was the evidence given by the PCI-Equittable Bank (Philippine Commercial and Industrial Bank), which is owned by the Go Family, one of Erap (Estrada) cronies and member of Erap midnight cabinets, to the Prosecutor containing the alleged secret account of the Deposed Presient Erap. This is a very discriminatory documentary evidence against Erap because it allegedly contain bank deposit amounting to 3 Billion pesos of unexplain wealth of Erap. On the last day of the trial, 11 senators voted not to open this envelop. This trigger the anger of the people against the government that created the spontaneous and greater mobilization. (People Power ll)


[2] "people from Makati reportedly did not know how to react" -The Lagman group was partially isolated because of their call for "Resign All". Sanlakas would like that all government official will resign together with Erap and the Chief justice will become the caretaker government and appoint all gov't position before a election is held. This is a unpopolar stand especially to those who works in the financial center like Makati.

[3] "a revolution in Ayala" - Ayala is a street of Makati, the financial center of the Philippine. The first scandal of the Erap government, that is, the Best World (BW) resources stock manipulation started in Ayala. BW is a company in a stock exchange rumors to be own by Erap but was headed by Dante Tan. who is Erap cronies and also a member of midnight cabinet. Midnight cabinet is a group of drinking buddies of Erap compose of big businessmen, and the most favor. Lagman groups first mobilization was held in Ayala. Many employees of big companies joined, but because of their call to "Resign All", the masses isolated them. Demonstration in Ayala was organized by big businessmen against Erap.

[4] "Samahang Demokratiko ng Kabataan" - Organization of the Democratic Youth



[5] "Today the RJ group is said to be hopelessly split into three." - RJ has many splits.

1. AKBAYAN - literally means shoulder to shoulder; its members came mainly from the NOD (National Organizing Depeartment; NDF - National Democratic Front cell) of the CPP before. They don't have mass base and concentrated to electoral process.
2. Partido ng Manggagawang Pilipino(Phil. Workers Party)- this is the political party of Lagman groups. Together with other sectoral groups like SANLAKAS (means one force), BMP, KAMPI - Kaisahan ng Mga Anak ng MAnggagawang Pilipino( Organization of Filipino workers) a student organization, PCUP - Philippine Confederation of Unions President and others
3. RPA/ABB - this groups was headed by Tabara, and Sergio Romero. They have a Armed group in Negros but has turn into Private armies of Danding Cojuangco (Erap cornies). They had already surrendered to the Erap government in exchange of 10 million pesos cash and 45 million pesos rehabilitation fund. Some of RJ's of Mindanao has merged with RPA/ABB, while others joined Sanlakas.

4. Marxist-Leninist Party of the Philippines (MLPP) and its legal front; KPD - Kilusan para sa Pambansang Democrasya (Movement for National Democracy) - A group from Southern Luzon. They have also an armed group called Rebolusyonaryong Hukbong Bayan (Revolutionary Peoples Army). THis is a small and loose groups of former revolutionary.
5. Sosyalistang Kilusang Manggagawa SOCIALIST WORKERS MOVEMENT - a group of Sonny Nemenzo - split from Lagmans group


Note: On 2002, three parties merged - the Partido ng Manggagawang Pilipino (PMP), Sosyalistang Partido ng Paggawa (SPP), and the Partido Proletaryo Demokratiko (PPD)